Periodontal disease ails the gums and bones that surrounds the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria and saliva. Some symptoms of this disease are red, swollen and bleeding gums.

Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss and can lead to other diseases such as, stroke, diabetes, bacterial pneumonia, cardiovascular disease, and increased risks during pregnancy. Smoking can also increase the risk of periodontal disease.

Some preventative measures you can take include having good oral hygiene, maintaining a well balanced diet, and regular visits to your dentist.

Signs and symptoms of periodontal disease:

  • Bleeding gums – Gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss.
  • Loose teeth – Also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers (fibers that support the tooth to the bone).
  • New spacing between teeth – Caused by bone loss.
  • Persistent bad breath – Caused by bacteria in the mouth.
  • Pus around the teeth and gums – Sign that there is an infection present.
  • Receding gums – Loss of gum around a tooth.
  • Red and puffy gums – Gums should never be red or swollen.
  • Tenderness or Discomfort – Plaque and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth.